Articles about concussions and concussion management:
Article from the Ontario Neurotrama Foundation specifically targeting schools and sport organizations.
(See the Pocket Concussion Recognition Tool on page 16)
Download the full version of the Guidelines for Diagnosing and Managing Pediatric Concussions.
The Coaching Association of Canada has resources on Concussion Awareness as well.
Concussion Awareness and Management
Concussion – Signs and symptoms
WHEN IN DOUBT – SIT THEM OUT
- Confusion and Disorientation
- Double Vision or Fuzzy Vision
- Loss of Consciousness
- Ringing in the Ears
- Headache Slow or Slurred Speech
- Dizziness Seeing “Stars”
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Feeling Stunned or Dazed
- Loss of Balance
- Emotional or Personality Changes
The player should not be left alone, regular monitoring for deterioration is essential. The player should be medically evaluated.
Concussion: Management and Rehabilitation
When a player shows ANY SYMPTOMS or SIGNS of a concussion
X The player should not be allowed to return to play in the current game or practice.
X The player should not be left alone, regular monitoring for deterioration is essential.
Concussion: Guidelines for Coaches, Players, Parents, and Officials
- Concussion is a Brain Injury
- You do not have to lose consciousness to have a concussion
- Symptoms are often subtle
- Wear properly fitted protective equipment
- The head (helmet/facemask) should never be used to make initial contact with another player
- A concussion may be caused by a direct blow to the head, face, neck, or anywhere else that causes a severe and sudden movement to the head/neck
- Medical Clearance by an appropriate regulated health professional is mandatory before return to play
Concussion: Follow these 6 steps before returning to play
Concussion Management should adhere to the following 6 steps:
1. No activity, complete rest. Once asymptomatic, proceed to step two
2. Light aerobic exercise such as walking or stationary cycling
3. Sport-specific training. (e.g. running in football, skating in hockey)
4. Non-contact training drills
5. Full-contact training after medical clearance
6. Game Play